What Are The Options For Addressing Nearsightedness Problems

Nearsightedness, the blurry vision problem also known as Myopia, is growing at an astonishing rate, and could affect 1/3 of the world’s population by the end of the decade. The condition occurs when eyes have a long shape and this causes light ways to have an extended focus (beyond the retina), creating vision problems.

Myopia is often inherited, just like farsightedness. It commonly occurs at ages 8-12. When the body is going through changes during the teenage years, the condition can get worse. There is little change in the condition between ages 20-40.

While the exact cause of myopia is unknown, research studies indicate the following reasons:

Focusing up close – Nearsightedness can developed in the way an individual uses their eyes. Intense focus on the computer years for several hours or reading continuously may increase the chance of developing the condition.

Time spent indoors – Scientists are linking myopia to the time spent indoors. While scientists have been trying to find the link between reading behaviors and computing & myopia, they have been unable to obtain solid evidence. However, they discovered a connection between the amount of time spent indoors and nearsightedness. Research on how myopia is affected by the light is still ongoing.

Genetic disorders – Individuals suffering genetic disorders such as Marfan syndrome have a high chance of developing myopia. This is an inherited disorder of connective tissue, and occurs in every 10,000 to 20,000 persons. More than half of the people with this condition have an eye problem termed as ectopia lentis. This occurs when the lens of the eye, which helps in supporting light rays on the retina, is dislocated. Visual activity worsens as a result.

Symptoms of Myopia

When suffering from the condition, some people experience blurred distance vision in the morning (in dark areas) and at night. The eye doesn’t receive enough light to focus at night, while during the day too much light entering the naturally dilated eye can make it difficult to focus.  

Some people also suffer temporary nearsightedness. This is when people have difficulty in focusing on near vision tasks after extended periods of far focus. The focusing ability of the eye will return after some rest, but the constant stress can lead to permanent myopia issues.

Variations in blood sugar levels in individuals with diabetes can also be a symptom of myopia.

Treatment options

It is believed by medical professionals that the following treatments can help address myopia problems and slow down its progression:

Surgery: Lasik surgery offers a variety of benefits with minimal pain during the procedure. There are fewer chances of complications and patients can return to work the following day, back to their normal routine. Advanced treatment centers conduct a preliminary exam to determine whether an individual is a good candidate for this surgery.

Orthokeratology: This is a process used to treat orthokeratology that requires the use of a series of contact lenses to flatten the cornea and minimize the refractive error. After the lenses use is discontinued, however, the cornea takes its original shape, and the condition returns.

Eyeglasses: This is not a solution, but works well for achieving great vision. They allow you to make a fashion statement as well. An eye contact company will help you make the right decision.

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