Katharine Ross is one of Americaâs national treasures having acted in two of the most famous films ever made â âButch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid,â and âThe Graduate,â from which the Simon & Garfunkel song âMrs. Robinsonâ hit #1 on Billboard. These two seminal movies occupy a spot on AFIâs 100 Best American Movies.
Miss Ross opened recently in the stage adaptation of âJudgment at Nuremberg,â the award-winning screenplay by Abby Mann in which she plays Frau Bertholt, originally played in the 1961 film version by Marlene Dietrich. The material is a gripping drama that focuses on a post World War II military tribunal in which four judges, who served in the Ministry of Justice under the Nazi regime, are on trial for crimes against humanity.
Drake Hogestyn, in the key role as Dr. Ernst Janning, played on screen by Burt Lancaster, is known to many followers of âDays of Our Livesâ as John Black, whom he played from 1986-2009.
Producer, director, writer Diane Namm is founder of West of Broadway, a non-profit theatre company dedicated to promoting literacy, provide affordable interactive theatre, and to promote social and civic responsibility through the theatre experience.
The following interview, edited for print purposes, took place at the most accommodating Fraiche on Wilshire Blvd., which opened its doors early for us and provided a quiet back room. The text originally appeared in the March 11th edition of the Santa Monica Mirror and is being reprinted as a courtesy of that publication.
What is the genesis of this project?
Namm: West of Broadway does two types of productions, including courtroom dramas. A few years ago, my daughter told me that the Holocaust is no longer taught in high schools and in college, you have to seek out a course that covers that subject. Thereâs a whole generation not being exposed to this most significant historical event. So, I approached Abby Mannâs widow and asked if I could have the rights and she said yes.
Why did you choose the Santa Monica Playhouse?
Namm: The main space is so intimate that people will feel as though they are part of this tribunal hearing.
Youâve been living a private life for a while. What made you want to do this play?
Ross: Well, Iâm an actor first of all, even if I donât do it very often any more. Itâs very satisfying to do something in front of a live audience in which you get to do it from beginning to end, no matter what happens. So creatively, and personally it appealed to me. The other thing is that I love the concept that Diane has which is education through theatre because I like doing stuff that hopefully leaves the audience enlightened in some way.
Youâve been primarily a television actor. What appealed to you about doing this play and is developing your character different from doing daytime television?
Hogestyn: First of all, Iâm doing this play because I heard that Katharine Ross was going to be in it. Daytime television is a lot different from stage. You know your character better than anyone, even better than the writers who would observe what I do and then write for him. Each story line is different with a different interpretation.
Iâve done a lot of research on âJudgment at Nurembergâ and there were some tremendous performances by Spencer Tracy, Burt Lancaster, Maximilian Schell, Richard Widmard, Judy Garland, Marlene Dietrich, Werner Klemperer, and William Shatner. All the characters have been fully developed with very succinct points of view and a strong focus on what they want.
How are you going about creating your character?
Hogestyn: I donât have to do a lot of homework as everything I need is written in the play. Itâs just a matter of listening to the other people present their cases during rehearsals and how it relates to you, which can cause subtle shifts in your behavior. You could probably do this for a year and keep changing all the time. You need to have a very strong focus on what validated your character to make the decisions he made, whether right or wrong, and because this play is so well written, every question is presented to me, with all the layers and colors.
Some actors work inside out or outside in or a combination of both. Do you have a specific technique for developing a character?
Ross: I think I do a combination. Sometimes I need to know what the character looks like and go from there. Sometimes I go in and figure out what the character looks like later.
There are some pretty emotional scenes. Are you noticing changes in your own behavior as you begin to transition into the character?
Hogestyn: Absolutely. But I have to be fair here. The part Iâm playing of Dr. Ernst Janning, who head of the Ministry of Justice, is mostly reactionary for 99% of the play until the end, when he finally admits his guilt. The way Iâm playing it is he who opened the floodgates by sanctioning the first illegal activity from the court that allowed all the horror that was to follow.
Namm: The role of Janning is interesting in that in the beginning he is convinced that this tribunal has no authority to judge what went on during the Nazi regime. It ultimately asks the question do you follow orders because they come from the government, or do you say no when you recognize that an immoral request is being made.
Ross: Given the political unrest in the Middle East, the play is particularly timely and you hope that people come away saying âOh my God, itâs not that different now.â
Do you give a lot of character direction?
Namm: I donât have a blanket approach to directing and pretty much accommodate the process I see taking place for the individual actors.
My direction is basically two fold: behavioral and psychological. When thereâs a need to discuss motivation or intention for a specific scene or relationship, we have a lot of conversations about the characters, their background, and what could be used personally in both the development of the character and the interaction with the other actors.
Is there a residue after some of the intensely emotional scenes?
Ross: Youâre always thinking about it and it can be exhausting, but after rehearsals or a performance, youâre wired and tired and it takes a while to calm down.
Hogestyn: Iâm staying up until 12:30 am and my wife wants to know what Iâm doing. I tell her I canât go to sleep. As a matter of fact sheâs away and I found a couple of things last night because I can talk out loud in the house since itâs just the dogs and me. Itâs great making new discoveries.
Looking back at your fabulous career, what was the most emotionally demanding character youâve played?
Ross: Thatâs a hard question. The very first movie I did was âShenandoahâ and Jimmy Stewart was the star. It was a big cast and we were sent on a press junket culminating in the premiere of this movie in Houston, Texas. We went from table to table and talked to the different reporters. I happened to sit at a table with Stewart and someone asked him about a particular scene and how he had did it and he said, âI just did it.â So to answer your question, I just do it.
You played baseball for the New York Yankees and had an injury in 1978 that ended your career. How did you segue into acting?
Hogestyn: The actor Rod Cameron had a son who was a pitcher for Seattle and was brought into the Club House. He told us that Columbia Pictures was having a national talent search and were going to interview 250 people in New York, Chicago and L.A. and were going to choose 30 applicants, bring them out to L.A., and put them in a workshop. All 25 guys on the team wrote a 150-word essay on why we ought to get out of the Yankees and become movie stars. I started getting phone calls and a talent scout named Joshua Shelley came to one of my games. I spit tobacco his way and after the game he said, âCome on, Iâm taking you out to L.A. and putting you in a workshop because I need one person whoâs never acted before.â I went out to L.A., got a contract, went back to the Yankees and they said, âSee you in the movies.â I figured Iâd spend a couple of months in California and then go back and play baseball. That was in 1978 and Iâm still here.
Youâve made two of the most seminal films in American cinema, âButch Cassidy and the Sundance Kidâ and âThe Graduate.â How did the casting come about?
Ross: I was under contract to Universal and was sort of young and arrogant and refused to do a test for a project that I was not going to be involved in. So, they put me on suspension and when Nichols was testing people for the role of Elaine in âThe Graduateâ I couldnât test. At the same time, I was doing a movie with Simone Signoret and Jimmy Caan called âGames.â She was a good friend of Nichols and I think she put a word in for me. One of an actorâs fears is that your current project could be your last project so I wanted to have the initial meeting with Nichols while I was still working and met with him on my lunch hour. Eventually, I did two screen tests - one with Dustin Hoffman and one with Charles Grodin and got the role.
Is there a director or actor with whom youâve always wanted to work?
Ross: Oh my goodness. Probably most of them are dead now. I would have loved to have worked with Robert Altman and would love to work with Mike Nichols again. Actually, Iâd like to work with anybody. (laughs)
When you were growing up, did acting play a role in your life?
Ross: I have a step sister and we liked play acting. We would write plays, drag chairs onto the patio, and then perform for the family. Iâm not sure they had a beginning, middle and end, but we had fun. When I was quite young, my parents took me to the theatre and ballet and I must have shown an interest because my mother asked me if I would like to try out for something. I shrunk back saying ânoâ because you see I was very shy.
Hogestyn: I liked Sean Connery. When I was in the fifth grade we went to Houston to see âHow The West Was Wonâ and I remember having a crush on Debbie Reynolds.
Namm: (Looking at her watch) We must be heading over to the theatre now.
Ross: You know, time is man made â No woman would have ever invented time. (laughter)
Thank you all for a most informative interview.
All: Thank you. Weâve enjoyed this.
Santa Monica Playhouse
1211 Fourth Street
Santa Monica, CA
Run: Friday-Sunday Thru April 3