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Rigoletto Review – SFO’s Stunning Setting of Verdi’s Masterpiece

By Philip Hodge

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It is 8:00 PM, on Saturday, September 7, 2012.  Last night San Francisco Opera opened its 89th season with Verdi’s Rigoletto.  However, tonight will “opening night” for the three principal members of the cast – Albina Shagimuratova (Gilda), Marco Vratogna (Rigoletto), and Francesco Demuro (The Duke of Mantua), since the company is splitting the 12 September performances between two casts.

The house lights dim – the house grows still – a  growing sea of applause begins indicating that Maestro Nicola Luisotti is wending his way through the orchestra and reaches a climax when he mounts the podium and we can all see him – the customary handshakes to the principals and bows to the audience – instant silence as he faces the audience and raises his arms –

The menacing overture begins.  With the first crashing chord the curtain rises to show a dimly lighted arcade with several openings and a figure seated on the floor.



Another crashing chord and suddenly the side hallways are all flooded with an intense red light – bordello red.



The chord is repeated a third time and there is instantaneous white light illuminating the scene and spotlighting the seated figure of the jester.

 Kudos to Set Designer Michael Yeargan and Lighting Designer Christopher Maravich for giving us such vivid sets and dramatic lighting, both serving only to enhance the music and action – not to distract from them.  Yeargan admits that he got his inspiration for the sets from the paintings of Giorgio de Chirico (1888-1978).  In a fascinating one-page article in the opera program he writes:

            De Chirico’s paintings have a surreal quality that suggests a world of impending doom – that unsettling, airless feeling one gets before a huge storm is about to unleash itself.  So when this production was first conceived we unapologetically used elements from those paintings to satisfy the specific needs of the libretto, while at the same time preserving that feeling of an impending storm – when the father’s curse is fulfilled.

Piazza d'Italia; painting by Giorgio de Chirico; photo courtesy Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Canada



The photo above is of a typical de Chirico painting, whereas the one below is of Yeargan’s set model for the abduction scene at the conclusion of Act I.

Set model by Michael Yeargan; Photo by Terrence McCarthy



It is easy to see the genesis of the opening tableau, and also of the final result in the production photo below.

Abductors (San Francisco Opera Chorus) assembled in the evening gloom outside of Rigoletto’s residence; Gilda (Aleksandra Kurzak) inside



Note not only the slightly nightmarish shapes, but also the brilliant contrasting colors and intensity of the lighting.  Another effective lighting technique was the occasional use of large shadows as shown below.

Rigoletto (Marco Vratogna) and his shadow



The story of Rigoletto is so familiar to me that it came as something of a shock to realize that the only other performance I had seen within the past dozen or so years was a European HD performance from Mantua, Italy starring Placido Domingo which I saw last year.  Why should this opera remain so vividly in my memory while other operas such as La Vida Breve, Attila, Rodelinda, Capriccio, and Iphigénie en Tauride, all of which I saw last year are half-remembered at best?

Rigoletto (Marco Vratogna)



Perhaps because all of the elements of the opera are a mixture of simple and complex.  Rigoletto is one of the most complex characters in all opera.  Born a hunch-back, he is equally deformed mentally and morally.  But there is one beautiful thing in his life – his teenage daughter Gilda.  His love for her, flawed though it may be by jealousy, somehow differentiates him from other operatic villains such as Iago or Scarpia. 

Rigoletto (Placido Domingo); photo still from YouTube available on the web



I don’t believe that anyone could ever capture that complex character as well as Placido Domingo did in the European HD performance filmed at Mantua, but I have no complaints with the creditable job done by Marco Vratogna.

Gilda (Albina Shagimuratova)



Gilda goes through quite a transformation in the 16 hour elapsed time of the plot. Albina Shagimuratova is the essence of an innocent young girl in love as she sings Caro Nome in Act I and is an all-too-wise woman after being raped by the Duke in Act II.  But she retreats into naivety in Act III when she accepts the fact that the Duke has forgotten  her already but still “nobly” sacrifices her life to save his. Albina Shagimuratova handles all these changes with aplomb, both musically and in her acting.

The Duke of Mantua (Arturo Chacón-Cruz)



The Duke, on the other hand is relatively simple.  He is completely amoral.  The rest of the world, particularly the women, exists solely for his pleasure.  And Arturo Chacón-Cruz’ fine tenor voice and acting clearly portrayed his irresistible charm on the outside and total self-centeredness on the inside.

These three major roles have been double-cast for the 12-performance run of Rigoletto.  The singers I saw and heard on Friday night are named in the three paragraphs above.  For the record, the other three principals (who performed at the opening night on Thursday) are Željko Lučić (Rigoletto), Aleksandra Kurzak (Gilda), and Francesco Demuro (The Duke of Mantua).

Rigoletto (Marco Vratogna) and Sparafucile (Andrea Silvestrelli)



The supporting characters all sang in both casts.  With the possible exception of Robert Pomakov’s Monterone – I’ve heard better curses – they were all very good, particularly Andrea Silvestrelli whose deep bass voice and towering figure were perfect for  the professional assassin, Sparafucile.

San Francisco Opera Chorus and Dancers with Joo Won Kang (Marullo), Daniel Montenegro (Matteo Borsa) and Ryan Kuster (Count Ceprano)



As usual, the Chorus and Dancers were excellent.  And Maestro Nicola Luisotti did a superlative job of playing some of Verdi’s best music.  Only two chances left to see it: Tue 09/25/12 7:30pm 
and Sun 09/30/12 2:00pm

For detailed information and to buy tickets go to San Francisco Fall 2112



San Francisco Opera 
301 Van Ness Avenue 
San Francisco, CA 94102 
(415) 861-4008
 sfopera.org

Except as noted, all photos by Cory Weaver, San Francisco Opera 

Published on Sep 23, 2012

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